Many people have turned away from conventional medicines, with the belief that
‘natural’ substances like herbs are safer than synthetic substances. This belief is
augmented by many other unwarranted claims such as herbal products do not
contain chemicals while conventional medicines do, thus contributing to the latter’s
Background: Lay beliefs about schizophrenia have been extensively studied in
cross-cultural settings, but research on ethnic differences are currently lacking.
Aims: This study examined beliefs about the manifestations, causes and cures of
schizophrenia in a multi-ethnic sample from Malaysia.
Rapid development and transformation are the main causes for declining urban natural landscapes as well as its physical and environmental qualities. Currently, rehabilitation and preservation actions cause tough pressures to cities, which lead to serious damages on urban natural landscapes.
Phenolic compounds, ubiquitous in plants are an essential part of the human diet, and are of considerable interest due to their antioxidant properties. These compounds posses an aromatic ring bearing one or more hydroxyl groups and their structures may range from that of a simple phenolic molecule to that of a complex high-molecular weight polymer.