Integrating local knowledge for climate change adaptation in Yucata´n, Mexico
The importance of local knowledge and traditional practices is now recognized by disaster risk reduction specialists, particularly in the aftermath of the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004. However, these frequently used practices by local populations are not yet recognized by all actors involved in disaster prevention. This research seeks to identify local traditional practices which are connected to hydro-meteorological phenomena and climate change in the coastal areas of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Rio Lagartos Biosphere Reserve. The identification process requires observation, documentation, validation and categorization of local traditional knowledge. The traditional practices (mainly by fishermen as well as some farmers) examined specifically among the coastal populations relate to their habitat, natural resources, and fishing practices. Recognizing and valuing traditional knowledge will help improve resilience to the impact of disasters and the effects of climate change among coastal populations.