Early stages of human development in Zambia are well documented, and some of the artifacts have been preserved. The earliest forms of man-made articles were stone tools. These included hand axes and cleavers, and later, wooden tools like digging sticks and clubs.
This paper reports a portion of findings of a large research project that sought to
understand social helping and healing practices that have arisen in the post-genocide
contexts that could inform social work education and practice in Rwanda. A team of
Canadian and Rwandan researchers used a community-based and collaborative practice
In presenting some facts and figures about the position of women in Zambia, I am fully aware of the limitations to such an approach. Obviously Zambian women live in a stratified society, and this should influence the way my statistics are used.
The Girinka (one-cow-per-poor-family) program was created in response to the extreme malnutrition that plagued more than half of the poorest citizens in the Republic of Rwanda prior to 2006. Rwanda’s traditional wealth creation and distribution system of cow-giving served as a platform for the creation of Girinka.
The Afrocentric paradigm has revolutionized the field of Black studies for the past several decades following scholar Molefi Asante’s extensive works on the theory. Many other scholars have since advanced the Afrocentric idea with similar or dissenting views and interpretations.
Many people have turned away from conventional medicines, with the belief that
‘natural’ substances like herbs are safer than synthetic substances. This belief is
augmented by many other unwarranted claims such as herbal products do not
contain chemicals while conventional medicines do, thus contributing to the latter’s
The estimation of the probability that a drug caused an adverse clinical event is usually based
on clinical judgment. Lack of a method for establishing causality generates large between-raters
and within-raters variability in assessment. Using the conventional categories and definitions of
Objective: This paper provides a systematic
review of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with
the use of extracts of the herb St. John's wort (Hyperi-
cum perforatum L.) for the treatment of mild to mod-
Methods: Searches of four computerized literature da-
tabases were performed for records of (ADRs). Manu-