Nigeria is Africa's most populous country and the world's eighth largest oil producer, but its success has been undermined in recent decades by ethnic and religious conflict, political instability, rampant official corruption and an ailing economy.
Amilcar Cabral, who was the Secretary-General of the African
Party for the Independence of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands
(PAIGC), was assassinated by Portuguese agents on January 20,
1973. Under his leadership, the PAIGC liberated three-quarters of
the countryside of Guinea in less than ten years of revolutionary