Amilcar Cabral, who was the Secretary-General of the African
Party for the Independence of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands
(PAIGC), was assassinated by Portuguese agents on January 20,
1973. Under his leadership, the PAIGC liberated three-quarters of
the countryside of Guinea in less than ten years of revolutionary
Kwame Nkrumah remains a towering figure in African history. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent campaign of civil disobedience, he led what is now the nation of Ghana to independence in 1957. Nkrumah made Ghana a beacon of hope for not only Ghanaians but also people of African descent throughout the world.