Ethnopharmacological relevance: Ethnobotanical knowledge in Lesotho is passed on orally from one generation to another. As a result it has not been well documented. Existing publications have relied on previous literature and are limited either in terms of scope or coverage. Furthermore, some of them are out of print.
An ethnobotanical survey of plants used for the treatment of cancer was carried out in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Information on the names of plants, parts used and methods of preparation was collected through a questionnaire which was administered to herbalists, traditional healers and rural dwellers.
Citrus green mould, caused by Penicillium digitatum, is a serious postharvest disease which affects oranges during storage and in transit. The disease is mainly managed by application of postharvest fungicides. Some plant extracts have been shown to effectively inhibit P. digitatumgrowth.
Mahafaly uses of plants to treat toothache in the Antongobe region are consistent with those from other countries where related species grow. We identify eight wild plants used in herbal dentistry, describe their manner of preparation and medicinal uses, and discuss their pharmacological properties. We also indicate briefly where dental problems belong in the larger ethnomedical system.
The chemical constituents of some species of Euphorbia, which grow mostly in semi-desert areas in Iran and on the Alborz Mountains in the north of Tehran, have been found to include chemotaxonomically important myrsinane diterpenoids and cycloartane triterpenoids.
The rise of infection caused by ‘superbugs’ is alarming and one of the most problematic resistant bacteria is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This bacterium can cause a range of ailments like pneumonia, mastitis, meningitis, urinary tract infection, and post operational infection.
Background: This study represents the first in-depth ethnobotanical study in the province of Uíge in northern
Angola and documents the traditional knowledge of the Bakongo people living in the area. Due to deforestation
and frequent fires, degraded savannahs dominate the landscape in the study region. Here we provide a list of
"Big" plant genera, those of 500 or more species, have not only occasioned interest among systematic botanists, but for geographical, ecological or horticultural reasons, have also become well-established popular concepts. Their size has rendered them difficult, if not impossible, to study in their entirety; there have been few full revisions since the nineteenth century.
Information is presented about 177 plants formerly used in healing by the Ua people of southern Zambia. The material is largely drawn from manuscripts held in Kasenga, together with information from various more recent authorities.
Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the latex of Euphorbia poisonii Pax. (Euphorbiaceae) led to the isolation and characterization of a new tigliane diterpene, 12-deoxyphorbol 13-(9,10-methylene)undecanoate (3), together with five known diterpenes (1, 2, 4−6).