Most areas in Indonesia are prone to natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunami and volcano eruptions. In order to minimize the disaster impacts and shorten the recovery period, the resilience of a disaster-prone area is required to be assessed.
The important role that local knowledge and practices can play in reducing risk and
improving disaster preparedness is now acknowledged by disaster risk reduction
specialists, especially since the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. However,
they have yet to be commonly used by communities, scientists, practitioners and policymakers.
A 9.1M earthquake occurred in Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 and caused tsunami disaster that devastated many areas in Asian and African countries. Aceh Province, the closest areas from the epicenter, received huge impacts.