The estimation of the probability that a drug caused an adverse clinical event is usually based
on clinical judgment. Lack of a method for establishing causality generates large between-raters
and within-raters variability in assessment. Using the conventional categories and definitions of
This paper reviews some recent research on the mental health ofthe First Nations, Inuit, and Metis ofCanada. We
summarize evidencefor the social origins ofmental health problems and illustrate the ongoing responses ofindividuals
and communities to the legacy ofcolonization. Cultural discontinuity andoppression have been linked to high rates
Objectives: This paper will present the findings
from a qualitative study exploring the narratives of
Indigenous counsellors in Native community.
Design: The study employed a qualitative design.
Semi-structured narrative interviews were used and
analyzed through a narrative methodology.
Methods: One Native community health agency
Evidence-based practice (EBP) and cultural competence (CC) aim to improve the effectiveness of mental
health care for diverse populations. However, there are basic tensions between these approaches. The
evidence that purports to ground EBP is limited, often in ways that are biased by specific disciplinary,
Realizing the potential of comanagement requires that resource managers and First Nations learn to work together more effectively. This is a distant objective unless negative preconceptions of traditionalenvironmental knowledge and management systems are examined and overcome.
The First Nations of Canada have been active over the past three decades in negotiating natural resources co-management arrangements that would give them greater involvement in decisionmaking processes that are closer to their values and worldviews.
In December 1989, the United Nations General Assembly called for a global meeting that would devise strategies to halt and reverse the effects of environmental degradation. In response to this request, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), commonly known as the Earth Summit, was held in June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro.
Since its inception, social work has been plagued with its dual claims to legitimacy as a discipline and a profession. In seeking to promote its knowledge claims, social work research has increasingly relied heavily on positivism, where objectivity is defined as ‘. . . detached, unbiased, impersonal, and invested in no particular point of view’ (Lloyd, 1995: 352).
What are Indigenous research methodologies, and how do they unfold? Indigenous methodologies flow from tribal knowledge, and while they are allied with several western qualitative approaches, they remain distinct.
Indigenous knowledge is entering into the mainstream of
sustainable development and biodiversity conservation discourse.
Article 8(j) of the Convention of Biological Diversity
(Rio, 1992) has contributed to this process by requiring
signatories to: “respect, preserve and maintain knowledge,
innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities